It appears that true sheep never existed in Africa in a wild state; all domesticated types of sheep now found in Africa must have been derived from imported stock from western Asia. The centre of origin of the common parent stock of the screw-horned, hairy, thin-tailed sheep of ancient Mesopotamia and Egypt was in western Asia (the 'Fertile Crescent', which extends from Palestine northwards through Lebanon, across southern Turkey, and then southwards through the foothills of the Zagros mountains which straddle the Iran-Iraq border), and that the domestication of sheep was completed by 7000BC. The hairy thin-tailed sheep type arrived in Africa in numerous waves through the Isthmus of Suez and Bab el Mandeb. Until the third Millennium BC., the hairy, thin-tailed sheep was the only type of sheep on the African continent. Domestic sheep had reached Egypt and other parts of North Africa by 5000BC (Epstein, 1971).
Breed Origin :
The hairy thin tailed type of sheep originated in western Asia, and entered Africa through the Isthmus of Suez and Bab el Mandeb. Until the third Millennium BC, the hairy thin-tailed sheep was the only type of sheep on the African continent. Domestic sheep had reached Egypt and other parts of North Africa by 5000 BC (Epstein, 1971).
Found in a wide area of West Africa from southern Senegal to Chad and to the south in Cameroon, Gabon and Congo; the area has a forest humid and warm climate; maintained by many agricultural, urban and agro-pastoral ethnic groups; specific locations are south-west Nigeria, southern Senegal (Casamance), southern Togo. (Wilson, 1991).
More or less trypanotolerant depending on zone and level of challenge; adapted to a hot and humid climate of coastal West Africa.