This group of goats is characterized by the long drooping (lop) ears, as in the Zaraibi of Egypt and Nubian of the Sudan. Similar type of goats are heavily represented in the atlas region of north Africa, western Mediterranean region as well as in Syria, Iraq and India. At present their major breeding area is considered to be in India. However, no traces of this type of goats (Zaraibi, Damascus, Jamnapari, etc.) have been found in the Indus valley or west of it. The ancestral stock might have evolved either in India subsequent to the Indus valley civilization, or west of India, possibly Iran, from where it spread to Syria and Egypt in the west. It also appears from the occasional occurrence of homonymous screw-like horns in Zaraibi and Jamnapari bucks, that this goat type was evolved from the screw-horned goats common throughout the ancient world from India in the east to Libya in the west. The so-called Nubian goat probably does not in fact originate from Nubia (the area of southern Egypt and northern Sudan), and certainly not from Ethiopia, and the convex profile is a common characteristic of goats in the Middle East and India (Mason, 1984).
Breed Origin :
Found in Swaziland and adjoining areas of South Africa; the climate is sub-tropical sub-humid, and the production system is principally agro-pastoral; about 89% of the goat population is found on communally owned land (Wilson, 1991).
Relatively large in size (30 – 40 kg); horns present in both sexes, and are strong, long in males with homonymous twist projecting sideways or backwards and outwards, but lighter, scimitar shaped backward curving in females; ears are medium long, broad and lopped; coat colour is variable, but whole colours of grey, black and white predominate; the hair is short and coarse, or long and fine (Wilson, 1991).