Animal Genetic Resources
International Livestock Research Institute
PO Box 5689, Addis Ababa, Ethiopia
General Breed Information
Breed Name/Strain :
South African Savannah Goat
Breed Group Name:
South African Lop-eared
This group of goats is characterized by the long drooping (lop) ears, as in the Zaraibi of Egypt and Nubian of the Sudan. Similar type of goats are heavily represented in the atlas region of north Africa, western Mediterranean region as well as in Syria, Iraq and India. At present their major breeding area is considered to be in India. However, no traces of this type of goats (Zaraibi, Damascus, Jamnapari, etc.) have been found in the Indus valley or west of it. The ancestral stock might have evolved either in India subsequent to the Indus valley civilization, or west of India, possibly Iran, from where it spread to Syria and Egypt in the west. It also appears from the occasional occurrence of homonymous screw-like horns in Zaraibi and Jamnapari bucks, that this goat type was evolved from the screw-horned goats common throughout the ancient world from India in the east to Libya in the west. The so-called Nubian goat probably does not in fact originate from Nubia (the area of southern Egypt and northern Sudan), and certainly not from Ethiopia, and the convex profile is a common characteristic of goats in the Middle East and India (Mason, 1984).
Breed Origin :
The development of this white savannah goat started on the farm of Messrs D S U Cilliers and Sons in 1955 in a minimum-care environment close to the Vaal River where the animals were expected to adapt, survive and breed on typical Savannah veld. Local Multi-coloured lop-eared goats were used in the foundation herd and the result was a fertile, heat and parasite tolerant, drought resistant goat with a good meat quality (Ramsay et al., ND).
This breed has a breed society established in 1993 and the animals are maintained by commercial goat farmers in South Africa (Ramsay et al., ND).
A medium to large white lop-eared goat with a thick pliable skin and a short smooth coat. Fertility with good mothering ability. Ewes kid on the veld and bond well with their young. They are efficient foragers. Even temperament-easy care maximum profit. Quality skin (Ramsay et al., ND).