Animal Genetic Resources
International Livestock Research Institute
PO Box 5689, Addis Ababa, Ethiopia
General Breed Information
Breed Name/Strain :
Lobi (in Bouna division) and Mere (but this confuses with the name of zebu crosses with Lobi).
Breed Group Name:
Until recent molecular genetic and archaeological findings established African taurine domestication as the origin for the present-day Humpless Shorthorn cattle (Bos taurus) of west and central Africa (Hanotte et al., 2002; MacDonald, 2000), the Humpless Shorthorns were believed to have descended from domestic cattle populations that evolved some 2000 years later than the initial domestication in the 'Fertile Crescent' that were introduced into Africa subsequent to the introduction of the Humpless Longhorns (Epstein, 1971; Payne and Wilson, 1999). These cattle are generally smaller in body size and have shorter horns than the Humpless Longhorns, which made them much easier to manage. They also appear to have been deliberately developed for milk production (Payne and Wilson, 1999). The present-day distribution of the Humpless Shorthorn cattle breeds in sub-Saharan Africa is restricted to the tsetse-infested areas of west and central Africa. There are 14 breeds/strains of pure Shorthorn cattle and five breeds, which have been derived from zebu-Shorthorn interbreeding. The pure Shorthorns are of two types: the larger Savannah type predominantly found in the Guinean or Sudano-Guinan savannas from Cote d'Ivoire to Cameroon, and the smaller Dwarf (or Forest) Shorthorns mainly restricted to the coastal forest regions. In French-speaking countries, the savannah Shorthorns are called Baoule and the Dwarf type Lagune. In English-speaking countries the name Muturu is used. A small population of the Dwarf type found in Cameroon between Buea and Victoria in the south-west province is known locally as Bakweri, while Kapsiki, Doayo and Bakosi represent the Savannah type.
Breed Origin :
A Savannah Shorthorn type of cattle in Cote d'Ivoire. They may have some N'Dama blood.
Found in North and central regions of Cote d'Ivoire and scattered throughout the forest zone. Baoule cattle are grouped into several nucleus herds in Korhogo (Sinematiali) region, Bouna, Dabakala and central and High Nzi valley, where they are herded by Peuhls (Fulanis). Also found in the southern tip of Mali, across the south-west of Burkina Faso.
Dwarf animals, with massive head; short and stout horns; short neck, thin in cows and heavy in bulls; well-rounded body and straight back-line; tail-head is high and thick; variable coat colour, mostly black or black pied.