Swazi, Zulu, Pedi, Bapedi
Body conformation is more like a dairy type, but it is principally used for beef and work; diverse coat colour (at least seven colour types, three mixed colours and eight colour patterns); exceptional fertility under harsh conditions, early sexual maturity of particularly heifers; good foraging (browsing and grazing) and walking ability; ease of calving and good mothering ability that suits crossing with large framed beef breeds.
Maintained by the Swazi and Zulu tribes (both belong to the original Nguni tribes) in Swaziland, the eastern part of Zululand through Transkei in South Africa and in Mozambique.
The Nguni group of cattle represent truly Sanga cattle of southern Africa, maintained by the Bantu people on the east coast. The Nguni people represent a south-eastern Bantu. The cattle have descended from the original Sanga that were introduced into southern Africa when the Khoikhoi (Hottentots) and their Sanga cattle first crossed the Zambezi river about 700 AD. Several waves of the Bantu people with various strains of Sanga cattle entered the region and settled. Tribal migration and cattle raids continued until recently; consequently the different breeds of Sanga today are related. A number of ecotypes evolved under different geographical zones. Elaborate Nguni breed improvement programs exist in Swaziland and South Africa and there is a strong breed society (Rege and Tawah, 1999).